2 large long-haired wild ox of Tibet often domesticated [syn: Bos grunniens] [also: yakking, yakked]
Moby ThesaurusBrahman, Indian buffalo, aurochs, babble, babblement, bat the breeze, bavardage, beat the gums, beef, beef cattle, beeves, bibble-babble, bison, blab, blabber, blah-blah, blather, blether, blethers, bossy, bovine, bovine animal, buffalo, bull, bullock, cackle, calf, caquet, caqueterie, carabao, cattle, chat, chatter, chin, chitter-chatter, clack, clatter, cow, crack, critter, dairy cattle, dairy cow, dither, dogie, gab, gabble, gag, gas, gibber, gibble-gabble, go on, gossip, guff, gush, haver, heifer, hornless cow, hot air, idle talk, jabber, jape, jaw, jest, kine, leppy, maverick, mere talk, milch cow, milcher, milk cow, milker, muley cow, muley head, musk-ox, natter, neat, nonsense talk, ox, oxen, palaver, patter, pour forth, prate, prating, prattle, prittle-prattle, quip, ramble on, rattle, rattle on, reel off, run on, shoot the breeze, spiel, spout, spout off, steer, stirk, stot, talk away, talk nonsense, talk on, talkee-talkee, tittle-tattle, twaddle, twattle, waffle, waggery, wisecrack, wisent, witticism, yakkety-yak, yap, yearling, zebu
Etymology 1From the Tibetan (gyagk).
- To talk, particularly informally.
- To vomit, usually as a result of consuming alcohol.
- Note: This is subject to the typically Australian 'have-a-verb' syntactic construction, as in 'I had a yak last night'. But this does not qualify 'yak' to be nominal.
- A talk, particular an informal one.
- kindle (imperative)
The yak (Bos grunniens; now Poephagus grunniens, though this new name is not universally accepted) is a long-haired bovine found throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia. In addition to a large domestic population, there is a small, vulnerable wild yak population. In Tibetan, the word gyag refers only to the male of the species; a female is a dri or nak. In most languages which borrowed the word, including English, yak is usually used for both sexes.
Yaks are herd animals. Wild male yaks stand about 2-2.2 meters tall at the shoulder, the females about one third of that size, and domesticated yaks about 1.6-1.8 meters. Both types have long shaggy hair to insulate them from the cold. Wild yaks can be brown or black. Domesticated ones can also be white. Both males and females have horns.
Domestic yaks mate in about September; the females may first conceive at about 3-4 years of age, calving April to June about every other or every third year, apparently depending upon food supply. This gestation period is approximately 9 months. In the absence of more data, wild animals are assumed to mirror this reproductive behavior. Calves will be weaned at one year and become independent shortly thereafter. Yaks may live to somewhat more than 20 years.
Wild yaksWild yaks (Tibetan: drong) can weigh up to 1,200 kg (2,400 lb) and have a head and body length of 3-3.4 meters. They usually form groups of between 10 and 30 animals. Their habitat is treeless uplands like hills, mountains and plateaus between 3,200 m (10,500 ft) and roughly 5,400 m (18,000 ft). They eat grasses, lichens and other plants. They are insulated by dense, close, matted under-hair as well as their shaggy outer hair. http://www.animalinfo.org/species/artiperi/bos_mutu.htm Yaks secrete a special sticky substance in their sweat which helps keep their under-hair matted and acts as extra insulation. This secretion is used in traditional Nepalese medicine. Many wild yaks are killed for food by the Tibetans; they are now a vulnerable species.http://www.alaskazoo.org/willowcrest/yak.htm
Thubten Jigme Norbu, the elder brother of Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, reports on his journey from Kumbum in Amdo to Lhasa in 1950 that:
- "Before long I was to see the vast herds of drongs with my own eyes. The sight of those beautiful and powerful beasts who from time immemorial have made their home on Tibet's high and barren plateaux never ceased to fascinate me. Somehow these shy creatures manage to sustain themselves on the stunted grass roots which is all that nature provides in those parts. And what a wonderful sight it is to see a great herd of them plunging head down in a wild gallop across the steppes. The earth shakes under their heels and a vast cloud of dust marks their passage. At nights they will protect themselves from the cold by huddling up together, with the calves in the centre. They will stand like this in a snow-storm, pressed so close together that the condensation from their breath rises into the air like a column of steam. The nomad have occasionally tried to bring up young drongs as domestic animals, but they have never entirely succeeded. Somehow once they live together with human beings they seem to lose their astonishing strength and powers of endurance; and they are no use at all as pack animals, because their backs immediately get sore. Their immemorial relationship with humans has therefore remained that of game and hunter, for their flesh is very tasty."
Domesticated yaksDomesticated yaks are kept primarily for their milk, fiber and meat, and as beasts of burden. They transport goods across mountain passes for local farmers and traders as well as for climbing and trekking expeditions. They also are used to draw ploughs. Yak dung is even burned as fuel. Yak milk is often processed to a cheese called chhurpi in Tibetan and Nepali languages, and byaslag in Mongolia. Butter made of Yaks' milk is an ingredient of the butter tea that Tibetans consume in large quantities, and is also used in lamps and made into butter sculptures used in religious festivities.
Often the pack animals are actually crossbreeds of the yak and Bos taurus (common domestic cattle). These are known in Tibetan as dzo or dzopkyo, and in Mongolian as khainag. Yaks grunt, and unlike cattle are not known to produce the characteristic bovine lowing sound.
Yak fibers are soft and smooth and come in several colors, including shades of gray, brown, black and white. They are about 1.2 inches long and are combed or shed from the yak and then dehaired. The result is a downy fiber that can be spun into yarn for knitting. The animals' hair is turned into ropes, rugs and various other products. Their hide is used to make shoes and bags and in the construction of coracle-like boats.
In sportIn parts of Tibet, yak racing is considered a high source of entertainment at traditional Tibetan festivals.
More recently, sports involving domesticated yaks, such as yak skiing, or yak polo, are being marketed as tourist attractions in Central Asian countries.
- ARKive - images and movies of the wild yak (Bos grunniens)
- h2g2 Yaks Edited Guide Entry
- International Yak Association (IYAK)
- European Yak Association (EYAK)
- Article on Yak breeds in FAO archives
- Yaks: The Official Animal of Tibet
- AnimalInfo.Org: Animal Info - Wild Yak
yak in Bulgarian: Як
yak in Catalan: Iac
yak in Czech: Jak divoký
yak in Danish: Yakokse
yak in German: Yak
yak in Spanish: Bos grunniens
yak in Esperanto: Gruntbovo
yak in French: Yak
yak in Scottish Gaelic: Yak
yak in Gujarati: યાક
yak in Korean: 야크
yak in Ido: Yako
yak in Indonesian: Yak
yak in Italian: Bos grunniens
yak in Hebrew: יאק
yak in Georgian: იაკი
yak in Lithuanian: Jakas
yak in Hungarian: Jak
yak in Dutch: Jak
yak in Japanese: ヤク
yak in Norwegian: Jak
yak in Polish: Jak
yak in Portuguese: Iaque
yak in Russian: Як
yak in Finnish: Jakki
yak in Slovak: Jak divý
yak in Swedish: Jak
yak in Thai: จามรี
yak in Turkish: Tibet sığırı
yak in Urdu: یاک
yak in Chinese: 牦牛